The Battle

The Battle of San Jacinto by Henry Arthur McArdle was completed in 1898
and hangs in the Senate Chamber in the Texas Capitol.

The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston, the Texas Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna’s Mexican forces in a fight that lasted less than twenty minutes. Hundreds of Mexican soldiers were killed or captured, while there were relatively few Texan casualties. Santa Anna, the President of Mexico, was captured the following day and held as a prisoner of war.

Not long afterwards, he signed the peace treaties that dictated that the Mexican army leave the region, paving the way for the Republic of Texas to become an independent country. These treaties did not specifically recognize Texas as a sovereign nation but stipulated that Santa Anna was to lobby for such recognition in Mexico City. Sam Houston became a national celebrity, and the Texans’ rallying cry, “Remember Goliad!” and “Remember the Alamo!,” became etched into the American history and legend.